The 11th Dialogue in the Name of the Future. Day 2: The past and the future of the post-Soviet space
Economy, migration processes, providing security along the nearest borders of Russia – these issues were included into the agenda of the second day of the 11th Dialogue in the Name of the Future taking place in Moscow on November 29 – December 5.

One of priorities of foreign policy of the countries on the continent is maintaining economic stability in the Eurasian space. The first session of the Dialogue today focused on the problems of economic development. Vasily Koltashov, Head of the Center for Political and Economic Studies at the Institute of New Society, presented his assessment of integration processes in the region:

"The national price climate involves, above all, a problem of providing certain political stability. If it seems that it will be possible to buy everything at world prices, especially food products, it is a very dangerous thought because world prices will be going up and it will be necessary to lag behind them. That lagging behind will have to be politically arranged, which is one of the most important tasks in the nearest future. It is essential to protect ourselves from that process and at the same time to organize a collective protectionist course, and that task is extremely difficult."

Forum “Laboratory of Historical Memory" – a joint project of the Gorchakov Fund and the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy (SFDP) – took place on the sidelines of the Dialogue. The topic of the forum this year was "Who misses the USSR? How the "Developing World" remembers the Cold War". A recording of the forum is available on the YouTube channel of the Gorchakov Fund.

Dr. Alexey Kupriyanov, Head of the Group on South Asia and Indian Ocean of the Center for Asia Pacific Studies at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations RAS, described the "half-century long state of affairs" between Russia, India and China:

"Strategic cooperation between the USSR and India was built on confrontation with China. When at the end of the 1960s and beginning of the 1970s we began active rapprochement with India, it was caused by the fact that China was threatening our southern and India's northern borders. Now the situation has changed: our relations with China have improved and relations between India and China have remained the same. There is hope that at some point these countries will make their relations with China better, but as of today India needs an anti-Chinese friend, and that friend is the U.S. We do not fit that role anymore."

Dr. Alexandra Arkhangelskaya, Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for African Studies RAS and HSE University, described an image of the Soviet Union in the memory of the African continent:

"South Africa – a key player on the African continent for our country – has an extremely negative impression of Russia. Today propaganda by western countries in Africa is very active. However, a nostalgic note about the "big brother" represented by the Soviet Union still remains. People in many African countries feel hurt that at the beginning of the 1990s the USSR left the continent and are expecting help from the "big brother". Many African leaders hope that Russia has the same economic potential as China and the same political potential as the EU and the U.S."

Professor at the Department of Post-Soviet Countries of the Russian State University for the Humanities Alexander Gushchin analyzed current events in Ukraine:

"Under conditions of partial identity of Ukraine and influence of different western groups, we can only speak about external administration of Ukraine hypothetically. We can see that the national policy of Zelensky has changed over the past year from the point of view of building a monovertical associated with mechanisms of introduction of sanctions by the National Security and Defense Council against citizens of Ukraine. Now we are following a conflict between the Ukrainian government and country's top oligarch Rinat Akhmetov. However, external groups of influence, including from Washington, can use that escalation at they see fit."