The role of international organizations in the system of the new world order was discussed on the platform of the Gorchakov Fund at WFYS in Sochi
, organized by the Alexander Gorchakov Public Diplomacy Fund, was held on October 17 in Sochi at the XIX World Festival of Youth and Students.
When opening the discussion, Deputy Executive Director of the Gorchakov Fund Roman Grishenin suggested searching together for answers to the questions if the new world order existed and in what form we would be presenting it, what transformations would result in the new world order.
Executive Director of the United Nations Information Center in Moscow Vladimir Kuznetsov reminded that after the end of World War II the United Nations was designed as a block of countries, which would be able to prevent a new military conflict. However, event today the UN keeps a major position among global international organizations.
According to the speaker, the UN is attractive form the point of view of its structure as leaders from almost all the countries of the world get together on its platform. Its ideology suggests focusing on joint resolution of global problems.
The UN proceeds from the fact that pragmatism stimulates cooperation. This being said, the organization tries to keep an idealistic and pragmatic approach to resolving problems of the humankind. One of the main topics is protection of the environment, fighting against the climate change.
Vladimir Kuznetsov noted that the UN was still seeking the world status though new organizations and alliances of countries were emerging on the planet.
According to him, in order for the UN to continue working effectively, international governmental officials, politicians and the elite needed to decide in what direction to go.
Vladimir Kuznetsov called NGOs a part of the civil society, through which the UN, in particular, was acting.
Associate Alexey Fenenko reminded that after World War II international organizations had become tools for maintaining the Yalta-Potsdam system of the world order. And the period of 1960-2000 was a golden century for international organizations. It is also explained by the fact that many new countries were emerging in the world. Ecological, women’s and medical non-governmental organizations were developing. And the countries had to take into account those NGOs. at the Faculty of World Politics of Lomonosov Moscow State University
Alexey Fenenko believes that approximately from 2000 sharp archaization of international relations and decrease of the role of non-governmental organizations could be observed. Some researchers consider the year 2001 as the end of globalization.
Emergence of such organizations as G7 and G20 also demonstrates decay of global organizations as they act bypassing the UN and can make their own decisions. Transfer of foreign affairs into the halls of power is also taking place. The practice when bigger countries determining fates of smaller ones bypassing the UN is becoming common, believes the speaker.
In this regard, he identified several trends:
governments start taking over UN authorities;
return to resolution of problems and issues by national governments;
international organizations have to act considering the governments.
Executive Director of Association “National Network of the Global Compact” Marina Vashukova called the global compact an initiative for business in her speech. Its ideology can be summarized in an effort to create the world, which we want our children to inherit and the mission is in mobilizing business in the social vector.
The expert believes that responsible business can play a role in building a fair society.
According to her, corporate responsibility is not exclusively confined to charity. Topics of climate, ecology, corporate volunteerism and others are included here as well.
When summarizing results of the discussion, Chair of Executive Committee of World Federation of United Nations Associations Alexei Borisov acknowledged that the voice of the civil society is heard better and better in the UN. This being said, it does not always involve support, but criticism as well.